Relacion del material particulado menor de 10 micras (pm10) y del dioxido de nitrogeno (no2) con las infecciones agudas de las vías respiratorias superiores en niños menores de cinco años de la cuenca atmosférica de Trujillo, 2005
Paredes Castillo, Dany Ronald
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Air pollution is a phenomenon which, gradually and with greater intensity, is affecting the people of the world's major cities, particularly to vulnerable groups like children, the sick, elderly and pregnant women in the economic sectors and poorer excluded. Trujillo, a city of eternal spring for its mild climate, shows a rapidly growing industrial and commercial, has undergone a rapid urbanization, continued today with a population greater than 631 thousand inhabitants, most of them located in the periphery. This has caused a number of environmental problems, especially air pollution by increasing motor vehicles and factories, producing high levels of concentration of particulate matter less than 10 microns and Nitrogen Dioxide in the city, which warranted search if an explanation related to the acute infections of the upper airways in children under five years reported in the airshed of Trujillo. For which we used an ecological study that consisted of defining correlations between the weekly averages of nitrogen dioxide and particulate matter smaller than 10 microns in the air monitoring stations of the Executive Directorate of Environmental Health of La Libertad and the total number of weekly consultations acute infections of the upper airway in children younger than five years during 2005. The results found that the pollutant nitrogen dioxide and particulate matter smaller than 10 microns and the variable temperature and relative humidity have a significant correlation with consultations by moderate acute infections of the respiratory tract. The Poisson regression is suitable to estimate the reduction in cases of hospitalization for respiratory infections, asthma and pneumonia if the levels of particulate matter and nitrogen dioxide are cut. The results suggest that pollutants: nitrogen dioxide and particulate matter smaller than 10 microns affect health of children under five years of the airshed of Trujillo.