“estudio de viabilidad de una plantación agrícola para la producción de caña de azúcar en el valle chicama, departamento de la libertad”
Bustamante Villegas, Jorge
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The objective of this research is to demonstrate the technical, economic and financial viability of an agricultural planting for the production of sugar cane in the valley of Chicama, located in La Libertad region. Having a favorable environment for the development of agricultural activity, with a legal, social and economic stability to encourage the investment, it is well known that the customers have a high trading power, suppliers have low trading power, the competitors are a moderate threat in the area, and the workforce is available throughout the whole year. At the end of 2013; 1 174 thousand MT of sugar cane were produced nationally, insufficient to meet domestic demand of 1 247 thousand MT, being necessary to import 148 MT, but in turn, to the same date 75 thousand MT of sugar cane were exported. To October 2014, exports of white sugar increased by 128%, with 25 thousand MT and to September 2014 imports of refined sugar increased by 7% compared to 2013 with a total of 11,6 thousand MT. La Libertad region, at the end of 2013, milled around 50% of national cane, being this of 5 398,6 thousand MT, which resulted in 574,4 thousand MT of sugar, about 50% of national consumption. The national sugar production grew by 3,8% annually from 2000 to 2013, being the growth to January 2014, according to the NISI (INEI) of 5,82% in sugar refineries. In this context the company Casa Grande has gradually increased its production capacity, being this from 10 000 MT of cane per day by 2010, according to the MINAG, however it has come to grind up to 12 394 MT of cane per day in 2012 and has now expanded its capacity to refine sugar up to 800 TM daily, which is expected to meet the growing of the national demand and to export to the Chilean market, scheduled to start operations at the beginning of 2015. BIBLIOTECA DIGITAL - DIRECCIÓN DE SISTEMAS DE INFORMÁTICA Y COMUNICACIÓN Esta obra ha sido publicada bajo la licencia Creative Commons Reconocimiento-No Comercial-Compartir bajo la misma licencia 2.5 Perú. Para ver una copia de dicha licencia, visite http://creativecommons.org/licences/by-nc-sa/2.5/pe/ vi The property of 14 hectares is located at 16 km from Casa Grande sugar factory, with a suitable land for agriculture and appropriate weather conditions, with water availability from Chicama river for the months of abundance (February to May) and permission to use the surplus water in the dry season, besides having water of an oxbow lake inside the property of about 43,2 m3/h, ensuring the availability of water in the dry months, and the use of certified and treated seed of high quality from Casa Grande suppliers which allow high harvests and reduce the probability of disease, choosing the H54-5174 variety that from 2011 to 2013 has shown an average of 185 TCH. The project involves an investment of S/. 165 797,52. It is planned to obtain the 36% of financing through the agricultural credit investment of Agrobanco of S/. 59 500,00 with a 21% of TEA, to be repaid in 18 months in fees of S/. 3 831,16. Two scenarios were considered, in the first scenario worked with at a trade price of S/. 69,00 per MT of cane to field, having gathered information from prices in contracts with a gatherer of the area, being this price according to the market average price (S/. 66,62 per MT cane in September 2014 according to the RMA, La Libertad), in the second scenario, worked considering the expectations of growth of the sector based on specialized institutions and expert analysis, with a progressive increase of the trade price, up to S /. 127,00 after 10 years (average price in 2011 and 2012 according to the RMA, La Libertad). After the economic and financial evaluation, indicators show that we are facing an economically and financially viable project. In the first scenario with a VANE of S/. 54 809,45 and a VANF of S/. 70 633,23; a TIRE of 17,30% and a TIRF of 36,14%, both higher than the WACC of 12,62%. In the second scenario with a VANE of S/. 268 454,08 and a VANF of S/. 477 341,47; a TIRE of 30,10% and a TIRF of 50,97%, both higher than the COK of 9,70%.